Many people know about Captain Cook the amazing voyager, but it's okay if you don't. Captain James cook was an English explorer. James Cook was born on 27th October 1728 in Marton, now part of Middlesborough. His father, James, was originally from Scotland, and had married Grace Pace from Thornaby on Tees. He was a labourer and moved about the area to find work on local estate farms.Within a week of his birth James was baptised in the parish church of St. Cuthbert, Marton, on 3rd November 1728. The Cook family moved between Marton and neighbouring Ormesby more than once, no doubt in attempts to find better work and housing. During this time the young Cook would have helped with the work and even received some basic schooling.when James was eight years old, his father had got the job of hind or foreman at Aireyholme Farm near Great Ayton, about six miles away. The farm stood on the lower slopes of Roseberry Topping and was owned by Mr. Thomas Scottowe, Lord of the Manor of Great Ayton.

          Do you know what influenced Captain  to become a voyager? The answer is: His love and fascination for the sea. he really liked the sea, but hated his job (work for William Sanders in the nearby fishing village of Staithes). In July 1746, at the age of 17, Cook gave into his temptations for the sea and became an apprentice to the Walker Family, ship owners, at the port of Whitby.Cook's job as an apprentice required him to become very familiar with the coal ships of the area and he soon learned the ins and outs of the colliers type ships. He worked hard and soon had his first voyage aboard the Whitby collier 'Freelove.' The coal ships or colliers were of sturdy construction, strong sailing abilities, and could handle a great deal of cargo and weight. Cook's expertise in this type of ship would bring him to use this type of ship for all three of his major voyages of world exploration.

          There was a person named Edmund Halley who was an astronomer. Hepredicted that on June 3rd, 1769, the planet Venus would cross in front of the sun. When this happened The distance from the Sun to the Earth  could be calculated by timing the transit of Venus across the face of the sun. The Royal Geographic Society had proposed that observers should be sent to three places around the world for further study and better calculation of this distance. Observers would be sent to the north of Norway, to the Hudson Bay, and to an island in the Pacific. Captain James Cook was chosen to lead the official british expedition to their last destination. This was a little surprising to some, but Cook knew of his capabilities, even if some thought him inexperienced without a long distance journey. This was James cook's first expedition or voyage.

          In 1776 Cook sailed again in the Resolution. A new ship called the Discovery and its captain, Cerke, were to look for the approach from the East. James Cook made his usual stop at New Zealand and comfirmed the location of his Kerguelen Island while there. From Tahiti he sailed north, discovering The Cook islands. He discovered Christmas island and some of the smaller Hawaiian islands, but stopped quickly continuing onto the northwest American coast and started and exploring. He eventually rounded the tip of the Alaskan peninsula, through the Bering Strait and into the Arctic Ocean where he was met at every turn by ice. After spending as much time as possible with the ice, Cook turned southward at 70 degrees 44 minutes North to replenish and repair for the next spring. Cook named the islands they would be staying at in honor of one of his friends, John Montague, The Earl of Sandwhich. After eight weeks, Captain cook regarded as some sort of god and was welcomed nicely.

          After a month Captain Cook relized that this mission must continue to move onward. The ships left on February fourth, 1779, in search of another anchorage before exploring the northeast coast of asia. After sailing the stormy seas for only a week, the damaged ship was forced back into the bay. over here, he was thought as a god again because he landeed at the time of their celebration of harvest by coincidence. During this time, one of the ship's long boats was stolen by a lesser chief for the iron, and it was burnt and the iron was taken. Panic sets in, and a musket is fired and the fight is on. In this turmoil, Cook is hit and begins to bleed. No one is actually sure how he died after that. So this is my report on CAPTAIN JAMES COOK!!!!!!!

-Avinash!

         

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